The Hindu Editorial With Vocab For SBI PO

Narendra Modi is not the first Chief Minister to have gone on to become Prime Minister. But given his well-known (disdain उपेक्षा करना) for the erstwhile Planning Commission’s control-and-command approach towards States and his oft-repeated emphasis on ‘[tooltip]cooperative federalism[/tooltip]’, there were great expectations from the successor organisation, the NITI Aayog. The Five Year Plans — the last one ended on March 31 — were (relegated निर्वासित कर देना)  to history, to be replaced by a three-year action plan.(This was to be part of a seven-year strategy that would in turn help realise a 15-year long-term vision.उनकी सात साल की रणनीति का हिस्सा होना था जो कि 15 साल के दीर्घकालिक दृष्टि का एहसास करने में मदद करेगा )When the Aayog’s Governing Council that includes the Prime Minister and all Chief Ministers met, it was hoped that the fine print as well as the big picture of the new planning approach had been worked out. However, all that was handed out was a draft action agenda for the three years till 2019-20, with 300 specific action points. This agenda is meant to be(the first step towards attaining the envisioned outcomes अनुमानित परिणामों को प्राप्त करने की ओर पहला कदम) by 2031-32. This ‘New India’, as NITI Aayog Vice Chairman Arvind Panagariya put it, will ensure housing for all, with toilets, LPG, power and digital connections; access to a personal vehicle, air conditioner and white goods for ‘nearly all’; and a fully literate population with universal health care.

Assuming that the economy grows at 8% annually ( hereon इसके बाद,) the Aayog has presented estimates about the size of the economy and per capita incomes by 2031-32, though (juxtaposing तुलना करना) these with China’s performance in the last 15 years is a bit odd. India’s GDP will rise by 332 lakh crore in the next 15 years, the (Aayog reckons आयोग का अनुमान है) The (bare मात्र) details of the 15-year vision that have been shared seem like motherhood statements with some optimistic numerical guesswork  कुछ आशावादी संख्यात्मक अनुमान. But even that is more than we know about the seven-year strategy. Without the larger strategy and vision in place, the three-year action plan is likely to be more of an (abstract wish list that Chief Ministers मुख्य इच्छा सूची) will now evaluate and revert on. Effectively, till it is (ratified मंजूर करना)   by the Council, there is a vacuum in India’s policy framework — similar to the delayed starts of past Five Year Plans. It is not yet (apparent स्पष्ट) if the 12th Plan’s innovation of painting alternative scenarios (of actions and outcomes) — a more useful tool for longer-term planning — has been adopted. Meanwhile, the PM’s message to States to speed up capital expenditure and infrastructure development is important as (pump-priming सरकार द्वारा देश में नकदी बढ़ाना) the economy is not only the Centre’s task. All the same, asking the States to take the initiative on switching India’s financial year to match the calendar year is unusual as it requires the Centre to take the lead by making public the report of the committee that has recommended this. To make ( cooperative federalism) truly effective, the Council, or Team India as Mr. Modi calls it, must meet more often — a nearly two-year gap in doing so is a recipe for communication breakdown.

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