What is Reflexive Pronouns & Use Reflexive Pronouns

Reflexive Pronouns

Reflexive pronouns end in (self or -selves). We often use reflexive pronouns when the subject and the object of the verb refer to the same person or thing:
Example:-   He cut himself on the broken glass.
She made herself a cup of tea and sat down in front of the television.

In Singular Form :  myself – yourself – himself – herself – itself
In Plural Form:  ourselves – yourselves – themselves

subject pronoun      reflexive pronoun
       I                                     myself
you (singular)                   yourself
he                                    himself
she                                  herself
it                                     itself
one                                   oneself
we                                    ourselves
you (plural)                       yourselves
they                                  themselves

Use Reflexive Pronouns

  Rules :- 1
जब कुछ शब्द जैसे;-(enjoyed, availed, devoted , sacrificed, adapt. settled, etc) इन के बाद अगर कोई  कर्म न हो (intransitively  verb  ) हो तो  उसके बाद Reflexive pronouns  उपयोग करते है

क्या होता है Transitive Verb और intransitive Verb

Transitive verb
जब कर्म मैं (What , whom) का मतलब (sense)  निकलता हो  तो वह  (transitive verb)  सकर्मक  क्रिया कहलाती है

Example :- The Teacher teaches English (यहा English Object  है तो अध्यापक What (क्या )पड़ाता है  English )

Here English is Object  तो  यहाँ  Reflexive pronouns  उपयोग नहीं होगा क्युकी यहाँ एक  Object  है

intransitive verb
जब कर्म मैं (What , whom) का मतलब (sense) नहीं   निकलता हो  तो वह  (intransitive verb)  अकर्मक  क्रिया कहलाती है 

Example :-  The Teacher Teaches strictly  (यहाँ (What , whom) का मतलब (sense) नहीं  निकलता है  teacher  क्या पड़ाता है strictly  यहां  गलत मतलब निकल रहा है तो  यहाँ  (intransitive verb)  अकर्मक  क्रिया कहलाती है

Examples :–  We Enjoyed ourself  the party  (x)
We Enjoyed  the party  (√)
We Enjoyed ourself   at the party the party  (√)

Rules :- 2 
When we use a reflexive pronoun

We use a reflexive pronoun:
• as a direct object when the object is the same as the subject of the verb:
I am teaching myself to play the piano. Be careful with that knife. You might cut yourself.

Rules :- 3
We can use a reflexive pronoun as direct object with most transitive verbs, but these are the most common:
(amuse,  blame,  cut,  dry,  enjoy , help , hurt , introduce,  kill,  prepare,  satisfy,  teach,)

Some verbs change their meaning slightly when they have a reflexive pronoun as direct object :

  • Would you like to help yourself to another drink?
    Another Way =   Would you like to take another drink.
  • I wish the children would behave themselves.
    Another Way   =I wish the children would behave well.
  • He found himself lying by the side of the road.
    Another Way  = He was surprised when he realized that he was at the side of the road.
  • I saw myself as a famous actor.
    Another Way  =I imagined that I was a famous actor.
  • She applied herself to the job of mending the lights.
    Another Way  =She worked very hard to mend the lights.
  • He busied himself in the kitchen.
    Another Way   =He worked busily in the kitchen.
  • I had to content myself with a few Euros.
    Another Way  = I had to be satisfied with a few Euros.

We do not use a reflexive pronoun after verbs which describe things people usually do for themselves, such as washshavedress:

He washed himself  in cold water.  [himself not Use]
He always shaved himself before going out in the evening. [himself not Use]  
Michael dressed himself  and got ready for the party.  [himself not Use] 

We only use reflexives with these verbs for emphasis:

He dressed himself in spite of his injuries.
She’s old enough to wash herself.

  • as indirect object when the indirect object is the same as the subject of the verb:

Would you like to pour yourself a drink.
We’ve brought ourselves something to eat.

  • as the object of a preposition when the object refers to the subject of the clause:

They had to cook for themselves.
He was feeling very sorry for himself.

We use a reflexive pronoun

  • with the prepositionby when we want to show that someone did somethingalone and/or without any help:

He lived by himself in an enormous house.
She walked home by herself.

The children got dressed by themselves.
I prepared the whole meal by myself.

  • to emphasis the person or thing we are referring to:

Kendal itself is quite a small town.

especially if we are talking about someone very famous:

Sir Paul McCartney himself sang the final song.

We often put the reflexive pronoun at the end of the clause when we are using it for emphasis:

I baked the bread myself.
She mended the car herself

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